Ethanol Industry Stats

Ethanol Stats (February 2013)

  • Number of operating plants/ethanol facilities: 211
  • States with ethanol facilities: 29
  • Operating Capacity: 14.8 billion gallons per year (bgy)
  • Utilized Capacity: 13.3 bgy
  • Capacity Under Construction: 50 million gallons


Historic Ethanol Production (in billions of gallons)

    Historic Ethanol Industry chart



2012 Top Ethanol Production States

    Top Ethanol Production States 2012


    Important Facts about Ethanol Production

    • 2.8 gallons of ethanol, 17-18 pounds of livestock feed (distillers grains)and 18 pounds of carbon dioxide are produced from each bushel of grain used.
    • One-third of every bushel of corn is returned to livestock feed and other markets.
    • Ethanol production requires approximately 2.7 gallons of water per gallon of ethanol produced. By comparison, it takes 40 gallons of water to produce one cup of coffee; 4 gallons for a pound of hamburger; 11.6 gallons of water to produce a pound of chicken; and 300 million gallons to produce just one day’s worth of the newspapers across the country. (
    • From 2001-2008, electricity demand per gallon of production fell 32% and water use fell by 47%.
    • Ethanol yields between 1.9 - 2.3 units of energy for every one unit of energy used in production, meaning ethanol is providing twice the energy it took to produce, according to USDA research.
    • Since 2001:
      • Natural gas energy required to produce a gallon of ethanol has fallen 28%.
      • Electricity demand per gallon of production fell 32% and water use fell by 47%.
      • Ethanol producers are increasing the amount of ethanol they can produce from the same bushel of corn. At 2.8 gallons of ethanol per bushel, ethanol yields per bushel are up more than 5% since 2001.